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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is the main cause of tooth loss. Chronic inflammation and gum infections are responsible for molar loss in 71% of people. This is why every dentist stresses the importance of Gum Disease Care in Indianapolis IN.
What is gum disease and how does it occur?
The bacteria inside plaque is the main cause of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is classified according to the types of bacteria that cause it. If plaque is not removed in time with daily oral hygiene, it hardens and forms tartar.
Toxins produced by bacteria are responsible for irritating the gums. Toxins weaken the fibers that support the tissue around the tooth. This ensures a close fit of the gums to the teeth, resulting in the formation of “pockets.”
These pockets are even more filled with bacteria and toxins. As the issue progresses, the pockets become deeper and wider, causing the bacteria to penetrate the lower layers of tissue. The result is a loss of a tooth.
What signs are noticeable?
These signals are redness, swelling or tenderness of the gums, bleeding when brushing or flossing, and gum separation from the tooth. Some people also notice tooth loss, the formation of spaces between the tooth and gums, constant bad breath, and changing the position of their teeth in the bite. While people are recommended to closely observe the presence of the above symptoms, they may not experience any discomfort. This is why every person is advised to schedule regular checkups at their dentist.
What treatment options are available?
In the initial stages of treatment, dentists will clean and deeply “process” the patient’s tooth roots. This will help with the removal of plaque around the tooth. It will also ensure the cleaning of the tooth root’s surface.
In addition to treating periodontal issues with antibiotics, it may be necessary to ensure proper daily care is sufficient. More severe cases may require surgery that involves the removal of hardened plaque.
How can people prevent gum disease?
Daily removal of plaque with routine brushing and flossing is the greatest way to prevent oral health issues, along with scheduling a regular hygienic cleaning with a specialist. These things can significantly reduce a series of dental issues. A dentist will be able to provide each with an individualized home care plan that meets their needs.